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Contents

Foreword
Prefaces
Acknowledgements

Introduction and key messages

1. Social science challenges inequalities: general introduction, Françoise Caillods and Mathieu Denis

2. Challenging inequalities: pathways to a just world. Key messages and main contributions, Melissa Leach, John Gaventa, Patricia Justino, Françoise Caillods and Mathieu Denis

PART I • CURRENT TRENDS IN INEQUALITIES

3. Drivers and dynamics of inequalities worldwide(an introduction to Part I), Patricia Justino and Bruno Martorano

Chapter 1 • Inequalities: many intersecting dimensions

4. Global versus national inequality, François Bourguignon

5. Global inequality and the middle classes, Branko Milanovic

6. Wage and income inequality, Patrick Belser

7. Horizontal inequalities, Frances Stewart

8. ‘Leaving no one behind’: the challenge of intersecting inequalities, Naila Kabeer

9. Inequality and natural resources in Africa, James C. Murombedzi

10. Inequality in education: the challenge of measurement, Manos Antoninis, Marcos Delprato and Aaron Benavot

11. POSTCARD • The multiple forms of digital inequality, Ben Ramalingam and Kevin Hernandez

12. Untangling economic and political inequality: the case of South Africa, John Gaventa and Carin Runciman

13. Grounding justice and injustice, Ruth Fincher

14. Rising economic inequality and gender inequality: intersecting spheres of injustice, Shahra Razavi

Chapter 2 • Inequalities in different parts of the world

15. Recent changes in income inequality in China, Li Shi

16. Inequality in India: drivers and consequences, Jayati Ghosh

17. Social justice and equality/inequality issues in modern-day Russia, Natalia Grigorieva

18. Inequality in sub-Saharan Africa: dimensions and drivers, Jimi O. Adesina

19. Inequalities in the Arab region, Adam Hanieh

20. The invisible hands of racial inequality in the USA, Fredrick C. Harris

21. Income inequality in Brazil: new evidence from combined tax and survey data, Marcelo Medeiros

PART II • THE CONSEQUENCES OF INEQUALITIES

22. Consequences and futures of inequalities (an introduction to Part II), John Gaventa

23. POSTCARD • Inequality: a historical issue within the United Nations System, Richard Jolly

Chapter 3 • Consequences and interactions of multiple inequalities

37. Inequality, economic democracy and sustainability, Madeleine Power, Richard Wilkinson and Kate Pickett

38. Malaise in the Western middle classes, Louis Chauvel and Anne Hartung

39. BRICS and global inequality, Jing Gu, Alex Shankland, Anuradha Chenoy and Gerry Bloom

40. Inequalities and social progress in the future, Marc Fleurbaey and Stephan Klasen

41. Inequality in an increasingly automated world, Lizzie Sayer

42. POSTCARD • Digital connections in the face of inequality, Charles Onyango-Obbo

PART III • TRANSFORMATIVE RESPONSES, TRANSFORMATIVE PATHWAYS

43. Towards equality: transformative pathways (an introduction to Part III), Melissa Leach

Chapter 5 • Changing the rules

44. Labour market institutions and inequality, Janine Berg

45. Inequality and global social policy: policies, actors and strategies, Bob Deacon

46. The decline and recent uptick of income inequality in Latin America, 2002–13, Giovanni Andrea Cornia

47. Taxation and inequality: lessons from Latin America, Juan Carlos Gómez Sabaíni, Bruno Martorano and Dalmiro Morán

48. Global instruments for tackling inequality: the African experience, Adebayo O. Olukoshi

49. POSTCARD • Financial liberalization and global inequality, Stephany Griffith-Jones and E.A. Brett

50. POSTCARD • Could changes in the international tax system be a strategy for dealing with inequality?Mick Moore

51. A seat at the table is not enough: gender and political inclusion, Sohela Nazneen

52. POSTCARD • Land redistribution: opportunities and traps, Michael Lipton

53. Legal rights as instruments for challenging inequality, Celestine Nyamu Musembi

54. POSTCARD • Reducing Inequality through transformative institutional policies: the case of the industrial court of Nigeria, Caroline Joelle Nwabueze

55. Social protection, inequality and social justice, Keetie Roelen, Rachel Sabates-Wheeler and Stephen Devereux

56. POSTCARD • Unconditional basic income, Erik Olin Wright

57. POSTCARD • Universal health coverage as a powerful social equalizer, Rüdiger Krech

58. Critical elements for ensuring the success of more inclusive social policies, Michael Woolcock

59. Inequality and corruption, Bo Rothstein

Chapter 6 • Mobilizing for change

60. Why social movements matter for addressing inequalities and ensuring social justice, Leandro Vergara-Camus

61. POSTCARD • Inequalities and protests, Isabel Ortiz

62. POSTCARD • Africa‘s uprisings: no end in sight, Zachariah Mampilly and Adam Branch

63. POSTCARD • Representing inequality: film, literature and the arts, Mike van Graan

64. Grassroots pathways for challenging social and political inequality, Alison Mathie with E. Alma, A. Ansorena, J. Basnet, Y. Ghore, S. Jarrín, J. Landry, N. Lee, B. von Lieres, V. Miller, M. de Montis, S. Nakazwe, S. Pal, B. Peters, R. Riyawala, V. Schreiber, M. A. Shariff, A. Tefera and N. Zulminarni

65. POSTCARD • Equality as a valued social norm, inequality as an injustice, Sakiko Fukuda-Parr

66. A historical view of the politics of inequality, Duncan Green

67. POSTCARD • Rising extreme inequality is a concern for us all, Winnie Byanyima

PART IV • TRANSFORMATIVE KNOWLEDGE FOR A JUST WORLD

68. A global research agenda on inequality for the next ten years

69. Knowledge divides: social science production on inequalities and social justice, Françoise Caillods

70. The use of big data in the analysis of inequality, Mike Savage

71. Tax and legal havens: a priority for inequality research, Alain Deneault

72. POSTCARD • Increasing childhood equality in cities: a practical intervention through policy, research and advocacy, Alberto Minujin

73. POSTCARD • Local knowledge as a common good, Kemly Camacho Jiménez

74. POSTCARD • A proposal to monitor intersecting inequalities in the post-2015 Agenda, Deborah S. Rogers

ANNEXES